PROPHET MUHAMMED'S BIRTHDAY
Prohet Muhammed, the messenger from God to muslims, was born the 22nd of April, year 571, in Mecca - but today, 20th of November, is his birthday of year 2018 (year 1440 in islamic lunar calendar). The muslim year is based upon the lunar calendar, hence following the monthly cycles of the moon - while the Gregorian calendar, predominant in the Western world and beyond, is a solar calendar, actually originating from the lunar calendar. Anyway, that is why, following the lunar calendar, the date of the Prohet's birthday - compared to the solar calendar - changes every year.
Mawlid or Mawlid al-Nabi al-Sharif - in Arabic, the birth of The Prohet - is commemorated by the majority of muslims all over the world; though some parts of islam, for example in Saudi Arabia and Qatar, do not celebrate, viewing such celebrations as an unnecessary innovation of traditional islam; while Shia-scholars celebrate another date, this year the 25th of November.
In Palestine, The Prohet's birthday is a national holiday and today Mawlid is celebrated, among other places, in Jerusalem. The Dome of the Rock (photo) inside old city of Jerusalem is the location from where Prohet Muhammad was believed to begin his Night Journey to heaven - Isra and Miraj - around year 621. Prohet Muhammed died the 8th of June 632 in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
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