Thessaloniki is the second largest Greek city after Athens, it is called the northern capital of Greece. During its long life, Thessaloniki was repeatedly attacked and ruled by different states. During the times of the Byzantine Empire, the city built the fortress wall, which today received the name Acropolis in Thessaloniki. The Acropolis is an integral part of any city in ancient Greece. The cities here were built on the slopes of the mountains, respectively, each of them had an upper and lower part. The upper part of the city was well strengthened, for this purpose something like a fortress was built to protect citizens from attacks from outside, this fortress was called the Acropolis. The city of Thessaloniki was founded in 315 BC by the new king of Macedonia. Then the Romans came here, and proclaimed the city the capital of the Roman province, with the same name, Macedonia. The next stage in the history of Thessaloniki - Byzantine. And at this time the city becomes the second largest after Constantinople. At the same time high strong walls are erected in the upper tip of the city. Thanks to these fortifications, Thessaloniki withstood numerous raids by the Turks, Persians, Slavs, Goths, Arabs and others.
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