Bear Attack - Are you prepared?
How to avoid a bear encounter:
Make noise! Let bears know you're there. Call out, clap, sing or talk loudly, especially near streams, dense vegetation and berry patches, on windy days, and in areas of low visibility. Bear bells are not enough.
Keep your dog on a leash at all times or leave it at home. Dogs can provoke defensive behavior in bears.
Larger size groups are less likely to have a serious bear encounter. We recommend hiking in a tight group of four or more. Never let children wander.
Use officially marked paths and trails and travel during daylight hours. If you come across a large dead animal, leave the area immediately and report it to park staff.
Dispose of fish offal in fast moving streams or deepest part of a lake, never along stream sides or lake shores.
How to handle Bear Encounter:
Stay calm. Your calm behavior can reassure the bear. Screams or sudden movements may trigger an attack.
Speak to the bear. Talk calmly and firmly. This lets the bear know you are human and not a prey animal. If a bear rears on its hind legs and waves its nose about, it is trying to identify you.
Back away slowly. Never run! Running may trigger a pursuit.
Make yourself appear BIG. Pick up small children and stay in a group.
Do not drop your pack. It can provide protection.
Handling the Bear attack:
The most COMMON type of attack is one of defense (the bear is not trying to eat you). Use your bear spray.
If the bear makes contact with you: PLAY DEAD! (With Brown bears)
PLAY DEAD! Lie on your stomach with legs apart and position your arms so that your hands are crossed behind your neck. This position makes you less vulnerable to being flipped over and protects your face, the back of your head and neck. Remain still until you are sure the bear has left the area.
These defensive attacks are generally less than two minutes in duration. If the attack continues, it may mean it has shifted from defensive to predatory—FIGHT BACK!
***If any BLACK bear attacks you in your tent, or stalks you and then attacks, do NOT play dead—ﬁght back! Pictures are brown (grizzly) bears.
Cite: Parks Canada Bear Safety - 7 hours ago