Title: Erythraei Siue Rubri Maris Periplus, Oilm ab Arriano Descritus, Nunc Vero ab Abrah, Ortelio ex Eodem Delineatus.
Mapmaker: Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598)
This map shows the Indian Ocean as it was known in ancient times and extends from Africa to the East Indies, published in Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum.
The European desire for a sea route to the Indies in the Middle Ages and early Renaissance coincided with a newly available text titled Geographia by Claudius Ptolemy, a scientist from Alexandria. Ptolemy's influential work, completed circa 150 AD, introduced the concepts of a landlocked Indian Ocean and a southern land named Terra Australis Incognita, which was believed to exist in order to act as a counter weight to the known lands of the Northern Hemisphere. Ptolemy also gave precise coordinates for some 8000 places, many of which were to confound mapmakers for years to come.
The inset map in the top left corner depicts the northwest coast of Africa, an area which was first explored by Hanno the Navigator, King of Carthage, who had sailed along the west coast of Africa to reach the Arabian sea. In the top right corner, another inset map named 'Hyper Borei', has been added, as Ortelius wrote, 'for better beautifying or proportioning of this map' and to remind the reader that despite all attempts, a passage to the far East via the North Pole had not yet been discovered by the English or the Dutch. The inset map lower centre illustrates 'The wandering of Ulysses.' What’s your favourite part?
As always, feel free to request the next style/location of map posted. - 5 hours ago