The Palestinian civil war was a conflict between the two main Palestinian political parties, Fatah and Hamas, over who had control and authority of the autonomous Palestinian Territories resulting in a split in the mid 2000s. Fatah, formerly known as the Palestinian National Liberation Movement, was a secularist Palestinian nationalist movement created by Yasser Arafat. Hamas was a Palestinian Islamist movement based on the ideology of the Muslim brotherhood, which denounced Fatah for being secular. Tensions between Fatah and Hamas began to rise in 2005 after the death of Yasser Arafat in November 2004. After the legislative election on 25 January 2006, which resulted in a Hamas victory, relations were marked by sporadic factional fighting. This became more intense after the two parties repeatedly failed to reach a deal to share government power, escalating in June 2007 and resulting in Hamas' takeover of Gaza, while Fatah took control of the West Bank. As of 2018, a peace agreement between Hamas and Fatah has been planned but has not been finalized, resulting in the conflict still being considered ongoing.
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