In 1865, Ishi and his family were attacked in the Three Knolls Massacre, in which 40 of their tribesmen were killed. Although 33 Yahi survived to escape, cattlemen killed about half of the survivors. The last survivors, including Ishi and his family, went into hiding for the next 44 years, and their tribe was popularly believed to be extinct. In late 1908, a group of surveyors came across a camp inhabited by two men, a middle-aged woman, and an elderly woman—Ishi, his uncle, his younger sister, and his mother, respectively. The former three fled while the latter hid herself in blankets to avoid detection, as she was sick and unable to flee. The surveyors ransacked the camp and Ishi's mother died soon after his return. His sister and uncle never returned. Ishi spent three more years in the wilderness, alone. Finally, at around the age of 50 on August 29, 1911, Ishi walked out into the western world. He was captured attempting to forage for meat near Oroville, California, after forest fires in the area. Professors at the University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Anthropology—now the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology (PAHMA)—read about him and brought him to their facility. Studied by the university, Ishi also worked with them as a research assistant and lived in an apartment at the museum for most of the remaining five years of his life. In June 1915, he temporarily lived in Berkeley with the anthropologist Thomas Talbot Waterman and his family. Ishi, having come to live in San Francisco and lacking immunity to the "diseases of civilization", was often ill. Ishi died of tuberculosis on March 25, 1916. It is said his last words were "You stay. I go."
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